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Care Guide

About Care Guides[x] These care guides are written to help your clients understand common conditions, tests, and procedures, as well as to provide basic information about pet care. They are based on the most up-to-date, documented information, recommendations, and guidelines available in the United States at the time of writing. Pharmaceutical product licensing, availability, and usage recommendations are based on US product information. Use the Download Handout button to generate a PDF for printing or e-mailing to your clients.

Halloween Hints for Pets

    Halloween Hints — No Fright, No Fear for Pets This Year!

    Halloween is one of the most fun times of the year, and it’s natural to want to try to involve your family pet in all the activity. It’s important to keep in mind, though, that not all Halloween activities are fun or safe for pets. A few simple precautions can keep your spooky celebrations fun for everyone in the family, whether they are two footed or four footed.

    ID Your Pet!

    Constantly opening and closing doors to hand out goodies to trick-or-treaters is a risk. A stressed pet could easily bolt through an open door. For that reason, make doubly sure your pet is wearing his or her collar and all applicable forms of ID on Halloween night!

    People Treats Are Not Pet Treats

    Did you know that chocolate can be poisonous to pets? It contains a substance—theobromine—that dogs find difficult to metabolize. Even modest amounts, such as a snack-size bar or two, can be poisonous to a small dog. Other types of Halloween goodies, such as gum, chewy candies, hard balls, etc., can be choking hazards or cause GI upset. And it’s not just the treats that you have to worry about. Pets that find dropped candy on the floor will often eat it—wrapper and all! Since foil and plastic are not digestible, these substances can become lodged in your pet’s digestive tract. Be sure to keep treats out of reach. Also be sure to supervise any little human "goblins" who might be running around the house to make sure they don’t leave a candy trail where pets can find it. Finally, keep a supply of healthy, pet-safe goodies on hand, such as carrot sticks or low-calorie dog cookies, if you feel the need to treat!

    Decoration Dangers

    Lighted jack-o-lanterns, fake fog, and festive lights on strings—all these things help create that spooky, Halloween ambiance you’re after. But pets, just like small children, don’t understand the dangers of candles, lanterns, or electric lights. If you have pets, use small, battery-operated lights instead of real flame to put that eerie glow in your scary pumpkin’s eyes. If you’re using dry ice to create a creepy mist inside your Halloween lair, keep pets, as well as small children, out of the fog since it’s composed of carbon dioxide gas. Small people and critters can suffocate. Finally, remember that anything new will be of interest to a curious pet. Keep electric cords up or out of the way where pets can’t reach or chew them and be electrocuted.

    Stranger, Beware

    Halloween can be a frightening time for some pets. The people they think they know dress up, put on masks, and don’t look the same, while complete strangers come to the door and keep ringing the doorbell…again and again and again! It can all be very confusing for a pet. So, put yourself in their shoes, or, er, paws, for the day, and do what you can to minimize stress. If your pet seems nervous or worried, keep him or her in a quiet room with the door shut. Put on the TV, play some music, or leave some toys for him or her to play with. Don’t take your pet out trick-or-treating with you. Keep in mind that some otherwise well-behaved pets may even bite if they are scared or stressed enough. A scary mask can frighten a dog as much as it can a small child, so be prepared and don’t take chances.

    Kitty Care ALERT!

    It’s sad, but true. Cats, particularly black ones, are at risk of being pet-napped or harmed during Halloween season. If you allow your cats outside, do your best to keep them indoors during the Halloween season.

    The Dos and Don’ts of Pet Dress Up

    At Halloween time, lots of owners enjoy dressing up their pets in cute costumes to complement their own getups. When selecting a costume, keep in mind that, while some dogs may enjoy the extra attention, most animals don’t like to have any unusual clothing on their bodies and can become scared, irritated, or uncomfortable. If you do dress up your dog, start with something simple and see how he or she reacts before putting on costumes that are more complicated. A Halloween-themed collar, leash, or bandana may be festive enough for some dogs! Make sure any pet clothing is properly adjusted. Too tight, and it can cut off circulation to a tail, leg, or ear or cause a pet to choke. Too loose, and your pet can trip on it or get it caught on something. Make sure pets can see, smell, and hear through their costumes. Never leave a pet unattended “in costume” in the event he or she becomes scared or tries to chew it off. Serious injury can occur, especially in cats with anything tied around their neck or chest. Keep the costume capers simple, and only attempt to dress up consenting, outgoing pets.