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Journal June 2010 (Vol 32, No 6)

NOTE: You have already passed this course.
NOTE: This course is no longer valid for accreditation purposes.

Methods of Urolith Removal

1. Effective medical dissolution protocols do not exist for ____ uroliths.
2. Removal of cystic calculi is not recommended when
3. Voiding urohydropropulsion is ideal for removing
4. Retrograde urohydropropulsion is ideal for
5. The least invasive way to remove a single, large calcium oxalate cystic calculus involves
6. Surgical cystotomy may be more rapid than cystoscopy with laser lithotripsy for removing
7. Which method of urolith removal would be most appropriate for a dog with a high anesthetic risk?
8. In two studies, after standard surgical cystotomy, calculi were inadvertently left behind in ____ of dogs.
9. In one study, a year after nephrotomy in healthy cats, single-kidney GFR was decreased by
10. Based on studies in dogs, complete return of renal function becomes less probable if an obstructing ureterolith is not removed within _____ day(s).
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