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Cardiovascular Effects of Thyroid Disease by Jodi K. Sangster , DVM, David L. Panciera , DVM, MS, DACVIM (Small Animal Internal Medicine), Jonathan A. Abbott , DVM, DACVIM (Cardiology)

1. Which of the following is not a cardiovascular effect of thyroid hormone?
2. Which of the following would be a highly unlikely finding during auscultation of a hyperthyroid cat?
3. Which is the most common echocardiographic change in hyperthyroid cats?
4. How should the initial dose of levothyroxine be adjusted for a hypothyroid dog in congestive heart failure (CHF)?
5. Which of the following would be the most appropriate therapy for ameliorating excessive tachycardia secondary to hyperthyroidism before anesthesia for thyroidectomy?
6. Which of the following is the recommended initial treatment for severe hypertension in a hyperthyroid cat showing evidence of target organ damage?
7. ___________ is not a potential cardiovascular effect of hypothyroidism.
8. A(n) ___________ is the most common ECG change in hypothyroid dogs.
9. Which of the following would be the most reasonable palliative treatment for atherosclerosis in a hypothyroid dog?
10. In dogs, CHF secondary to hypothyroidism is consistently associated with __________________.
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