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Journal July 2012 (Vol 34, No 7)

NOTE: You have already passed this course.
NOTE: This course is no longer valid for accreditation purposes.

Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome: Pathophysiology and Diagnosis by Dena L. Lodato , DVM, Cheryl S. Hedlund , DVM, MS, DACVS

1. Which is not considered a primary BAS abnormality?
2. Which of the following measurements is considered indicative of a hypoplastic trachea?
3. The narrowest area(s) of the upper airway is/are the
4. Nasal cavity resistance increases up to ____ when airflow is increased.
5. Endoscopic evaluation is the best means of identifying
6. In nonbrachycephalic breeds, the soft palate normally extends
7. If oxygen saturation falls acutely below ___, animals may suffer from syncope and collapse.
8. GI lesions have been found in the ___________ of brachycephalic dogs.
9. Which GI conditions have been found in brachycephalic dogs?
10. The size and shape of the __________ determine the path of airflow through the nasal cavities.
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