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Quiz May 3, 2011

Hand Feeding Orphaned Small Ruminants

Veterinarians are occasionally asked for advice on the hand feeding of young, orphaned sheep, goats, llama/alpacas, and deer (lambs, kids, crias, and fawns, respectively). Hand feeding practices applicable for orphaned foals or calves can be adapted for small ruminants.1,2 This quiz not only tests your current knowledge of how to hand feed orphaned small ruminants but also provides information on how to feed orphans during the nursing period, introduce them to solid food, and prepare them for weaning.

References
1. Pugh DG. Feeding the orphaned and hand raised foal. Am Assoc Equine Pract 2008;54(suppl):29-31.
2. Rankins D Jr, DC Ruffin, DG Pugh. Chapter 2. Feeding and nutrition. In: Pugh DG, ed. Sheep and Goat Medicine. Philadelphia: WB Saunders; 2002:19-60.

1.
Only calves and foals require colostrum; small ruminants do not.
  • 1.
    True
  • 2.
    False
2.
Orphaned small ruminants may be trained to nurse a bottle or drink from a bucket or pail.
  • 1.
    True
  • 2.
    False
3.
Only milk replacers designed for a specific species should be fed to that species of small ruminant.
  • 1.
    True
  • 2.
    False
4.
Orphaned deer fawns may require stimulation in order to urinate.
  • 1.
    True
  • 2.
    False
5.
Proper mixing of milk replacers and cleaning of feeding equipment are essential to minimizing disease in orphaned small ruminants.
  • 1.
    True
  • 2.
    False
6.
Diarrhea in orphaned small ruminants being fed a milk replacer requires more frequent feeding of more replacer.
  • 1.
    True
  • 2.
    False
7.
All small ruminants should be weaned when they are consuming adequate quantities of solid feed.
  • 1.
    True
  • 2.
    False
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