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Journal September 2010 (Vol 32, No 9)

NOTE: You have already passed this course.
NOTE: This course is no longer valid for accreditation purposes.

Patent Ductus Arteriosus in Dogs

1. Dogs that are not treated surgically for a large PDA typically experience heart failure by what age?
2. Dogs of which breed should not be bred if a PDA is documented?
3. Color-flow Doppler imaging has shown a residual flow rate of ________ after occlusion.
4. What is the incidence of PDA in dogs with congenital heart defects?
5. A normal DA is primarily composed of ________ tissue.
6. What is the ideal conformation of a PDA for coiling procedures?
7. Which finding is not consistent with a right-to-left shunt in a dog with a PDA?
8. Which approach is used for ligation of a PDA?
9. When performing surgery to correct a PDA, life-threatening hemorrhage is most likely during
10. Which situation/complication during or after a coiling procedure does not require placement of an additional coil?
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