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Journal April 2009 (Vol 31, No 4)

NOTE: You have already passed this course.
NOTE: This course is no longer valid for accreditation purposes.

Hypernatremia

1.Salt intoxication causes
2.Which statement best describes the fluid shift that occurs during an acute hypernatremic state in which the sodium concentration is increased in the extracellular fluid space?
3.What is the most effective route for fluid administration to correct hypernatremia in a conscious, alert animal?
4.What is the most appropriate IV fluid type for replacing the free water deficit in an acutely hypernatremic animal?
5.In animals that have pulmonary edema in conjunction with hypernatremia, which diuretic can aid in fluid and sodium diuresis?
6.When treating acute hypernatremia with IV fluids, how quickly should the sodium levels decline?
7.What is the lethal dose (g/kg body weight) of ingested sodium chloride in dogs?
8.What is this animal's plasma osmolality: sodium, 175 mmol/L; potassium, 5.2 mmol/L; chloride, 120 mmol/L; blood urea nitrogen, 24 mg/dL; glucose, 125 mg/dL; creatinine, 1.2 mg/dL?
9.Which two emetics are recommended for use in dogs?
10.All of the following are osmolytes except
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