Enter Your Practice Information

Yes No

Yes No


Welcome to the all-new Vetlearn

  • Vetlearn is getting a new home. Starting this fall,
    Vetlearn becomes part of the NAVC VetFolio family.

    You'll have access to the entire Compendium and
    Veterinary Technician archives and get to explore
    even more ways to learn and earn CE by becoming
    a VetFolio subscriber. Subscriber benefits:
  • Over 500 hours of interactive CE Videos
  • An engaging new Community for tough cases
    and networking
  • Three years of NAVC Conference Proceedings
  • All-new articles (CE and other topics) for the entire
    healthcare team

To access Vetlearn, you must first sign in or register.


  • Registration for new subscribers will open in September 2014!
  • Watch for additional exciting news coming soon!
Become a Member

Journal March 2009 (Vol 31, No 3)

NOTE: You have already passed this course.
NOTE: This course is no longer valid for accreditation purposes.

Canine Thoracolumbar Intervertebral Disk Disease: Pathophysiology, Neurologic Examination, and Emergency Medical Therapy

1.The normal nucleus pulposus is predominately composed of
2.Which statement is true regarding the cartilaginous end plates?
3.Which statement is false regarding compression of the vertebral column?
4.Which statement characterizes the intercapital ligaments?
5.Which statement regarding disk degeneration is true?
6.Which statement regarding disk herniation is true?
7.Which statement regarding types of spinal cord injury is true?
8.Spinal shock involves
9.An acutely nonambulatory dog with decreased pelvic limb reflexes and normal mentation that regains normal reflexes in a few hours is most likely exhibiting clinical signs of
10.High-dose corticosteroid therapy
Stay on top of all our latest content — sign up for the Vetlearn newsletters.
  • More