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Journal November 2009 (Vol 31, No 11)

NOTE: You have already passed this course.
NOTE: This course is no longer valid for accreditation purposes.

Calcium Oxalate Urolithiasis CE Article #1

1. Which is not a mechanism of hypercalciuria?
2. _______ is not a risk factor for CaOx urolithiasis formation in dogs and cats.
3. What percentage of feline nephroliths and ureteroliths are CaOx?
4. What type of urinary environment promotes formation of CaOx stones?
5. Which uroliths are the most radiopaque?
6. Which diet has been shown to dissolve CaOx stones in dogs?
7. Potassium citrate helps prevent CaOx stone formation by ______ urine pH and causing metabolic ______.
8. Thiazide diuretics help prevent CaOx stone formation by promoting natriuresis in the ______ tubules, which results in calcium ______.
9. Vitamin ______ could be added to a homemade diet in an effort to prevent CaOx stone formation.
10. What percentage of surgically removed CaOx stones recur in 3 years?
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